Could human civilisation be millions of years old?

Ancient rock formations (stone roads?) in Turkey

By Dr. Alexander Koltypin.

Editor’s introduction: Dr. Alexander Koltypin is a Russian geologist and author whose research on disappeared continents and ancient civilisations has been widely reported online. Here, we feature his conclusions from geology and folklore that human civilisation on Earth goes back tens of millions of years.

When I studied in the Geological Prospecting Institute, I researched sand quarries, ravines and river shores, trying to recreate Earth’s past. A bit later, during post graduate studies and my work for Moscow State University, I was going to expeditions and studied cross-sections of bedrocks in mountains and sea shores; I carried out palaeographic and palaeogeodynamic reconstructions of the Mesozoic and Cenozoic eras. My candidate’s dissertation was based on them. My research was built on [Charles] Lyell’s principle of uniformitarianism, which I always defended and continue to do so from critic’s attacks until now.

An angular unconformity and Charles Lyell

The uniformitarianism principle was founded by the English geologist Lyell during the first half of the 19th century. According to this principle, studying contemporary physical, chemical, and geological processes, one can judge about analogical processes of the distant past. The uniformitarianism principle is widely used for landscape reconstructions and geographical processes of past epochs several areas of geology. Now, modern palaeographists and geologists have rejected full recognition of the analogy between geographical and geological processes in the present and past, which Lyell insisted on, and use the uniformitarianism principle together with Earth development, its geographical shell, geological structure.

During the 1990s in Perestroika, geology became a forgotten science, and I started to try myself in other areas; at last I chose writing. But my passion for geological expeditions and research of the past remained. I started to bind it together with another old hobby of mine – folklore, I found analogies between the description of events in ancient books and myths and geological reconstructions.

So, that is how the new line of research on the edge of geology and folk lore was born. In my opinion, it is impossible to restore the history of the Earth and humanity without it. Firstly, because cataclysmic catastrophes, which shook our Earth many times, washed away almost all traces of intelligent creatures’ activity. Plato also wrote about it in his famous dialogues ‘Timaeus’ and ‘Laws’…

“…a declination of the bodies moving in the heavens around the earth, and a great conflagration of things upon the earth, which recurs after long intervals; at such times those who live upon the mountains and in dry and lofty places are more liable to destruction than those who dwell by rivers or on the seashore…

When, on the other hand, the gods purge the earth with a deluge of water, the survivors in your country are herdsmen and shepherds who dwell on the mountains, but those who, like you, live in cities are carried by the rivers into the sea…

Whereas just when you and other nations are beginning to be provided with letters and the other requisites of civilized life, after the usual interval, the stream from heaven, like a pestilence, comes pouring down, and leaves only those of you who are destitute of letters and education; and so you have to begin all over again like children, and know nothing of what happened in ancient times, either among us or among yourselves” (Plato, Timaeus)

Survival from the fires and floods of ancient books and folklore contains the whole layer of information about the existence of highly developed civilizations on Earth – about their appearance, way of life and the habits of its disappeared dwellers; periods of peace and war between gods and demons, and terrible destructions, which shook the world many times. However, modern science, history and archaeology do not pay the serious attention to legends and myths that they rightly deserve. Even if they do, they try to squeeze them in a chronological frame that is acceptable to modern history and archaeology. Those frames are too narrow and seldom go beyond the 3rd or 4th millennium BC.

But I, a specialist geologist, studied global catastrophe’s consequences for a long time, wrote a few articles about this and almost all my life was interested in folklore. I know well that many events, described in myths, such as the World Creation by Yahweh or Allah, sinking of the Earth deep into Patala (the underground world) and flooding from there, the Churning of the Ocean, appearance of the Moon as a result, the huge temperatures of the Earth’s surface and the impossibility to live on it, the plunging of the planet into darkness and the existence of its inhabitants underground for a long time and many other events; which are not possible to contain within those 5-6 thousand years allowed.

During the last 5-6 and even 10-12 thousand years, there were no events on the Earth remotely resembling the ones described in legends. On the contrary, as soon as you start to compare folklore with the Earth’s historical reconstruction according to geological data, almost every described event in there finds its’ analogies; just the timing of when it happened descends into the unseen distant past. I wrote about this in detail in my books ‘Disappeared inhabitants of the Earth’, ‘Battles of the ancient gods’, and ‘Earth before the Flood’. On my site I presented a reconstruction in the section ‘History of humankind from the Paleogene era to the birth of Christ’, based on collating geological and folklore data [see webpage here].

Above: Geological Time Scale (image by Jonathan R. Hendricks, licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 4.0 International License)

Continuation of research on the edge of geology and folklore allowed for me to see, widely spread on Earth, the underwater-underground-above ground megalithic complex of the Neogene (more likely Miocene) age [see photos here]. Its exits, in large numbers, are in Russia, Turkey, Israel, Jordan, Syria, Lebanon, Bulgaria, Malta, Italy, Peru, Bolivia, Mexico, USA, Egypt, Ethiopia, India, Sri Lanka, China, Japan, on the sea bottom near Cuba, and in many other areas of the globe (on continents and ocean bottoms). Several of my articles are devoted to this complex. Their conclusions were extended according to the results of my new field research in the series of latest publications about under/above ground megalithic complexes in Turkey, Italy, Bulgaria, Spain, Crimea and other countries.

Research on the edge of geology and folklore made it possible for me to highlight extensive fields of automobile road of the Neogene (middle Miocene) period in central Anatolia, Turkey [see photos here] confirming fairy tales and legends about highly developed civilisations inhabiting Earth long ago. The same ancient petrified roads of the Miocene, Pliocene and even earlier ages can be found in Malta, Mexico, USA, Azerbaijan, Armenia, Abkhazia, Crimea, Bulgaria…

But it is not everything. Researches on the edge of geology and folklore create even greater wonders. As I wrote in my works on Ica stones found in Peru and on stones in temple complex Angkor in Cambodia, there were images and bas reliefs of animals (mastodons, dinotheriums, alticameluses, hyracoideas, amynodonts, indricotheriums and others) living in the Palaeogene and that disappeared from the face of the Earth in the Neogene era (among others in its first half – Miocene). In fact, they are often depicted together with people, who morphologically do not look exactly like people. Stretching the time of intelligent humanity’s existence to the Neogene and Palaeogene, which is confirmed by research on the edge of geology and folklore, it sounds very plausible. As the fact that the sculptures and bas reliefs of Aslantas, Aslan Kai and other places in the Phrygian valley of Turkey, and the capital of the Hittites’ empire, Hattusa, have pictures of not modern lions, but Machairodus giganteus, which appeared in the middle Miocene (15 million years ago) and were fully extinct in the Pleistocene.

Bas relief of lions (left) and an early depiction of Machairodus (right)

Summarising from the above, we can conclude that there are many places on Earth, which contain large number of the Neogene civilisation’s remains. One just has to push away quasi-scientific dogmas and views (which are on the contrary counted as scientific) and see them. To look at the world, not as a narrow-minded specialist archaeologist, but as an open-minded universal specialist who knows history, archaeology, geology and folklore equally well. Then, the past of the Earth would come to our view as a bright, ‘widescreen’ panorama, not as a bleak mirage of a non-existent Earth emerging for a moment from mist.

Dr Koltypin’s postscript on dating

I have already written a few times about mistakes at age determination for megalithic and underground structures according to charcoal, strips of clothes or clay pottery crocks found there. However, almost nobody from the field of archaeology pays any attention to that. They continue dating stone structures, which were destroyed by powerful earthquakes, flooded by gigantic waves and swallowed by raging fires on Earth’s surface according to those doubtful remnants, which could have got there millions of years later. It happens because the majority of archaeologists still do not use in their work (although lately this task is right in front of them) geological methods of rock age determination. Such methods prove that most of megalithic and underground structures are many tens, hundreds of thousands and millions of years old.


The text in the above article comprises an edited version of a longer article on Dr Koltypin’s website:

Author info

Dr Alexander Koltypin

Dr. Alexander Koltypin is an experienced Russian geologist and author whose research on disappeared continents and ancient civilisations has been widely reported online. He is a director of the Scientific Center of Fundamental Researches in Natural Science at the International Independent University of Environmental and Political Sciences (IIUEPS) in Moscow.



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