Hyperborea – the seventh continent

By Dr Alexander Koltypin (and translated from Russian)

Editor’s introduction: Dr. Alexander Koltypin is a Russian geologist and author whose research on disappeared continents and ancient civilisations has been widely reported online. Here, we feature his thoughts on Hyperborea, which according to Greek mythology was home to a race of giants, and lay “beyond the north wind”…

In the present Arctic area (Hyperborea) – call it the seventh continent – probably there existed small isolated shallow marine basins near Europe and North America. In all likelihood, this seventh continent was the mysterious continent that Herodotus wrote of (about 425 BC) in his History and called “Hyperborea”.

Mercator’s map of Hyperborea

The map of Hyperborea made by the famous cartographer Gerhard Mercator, dated 1554, shows this continent centrally located in the polar part of the Arctic Ocean. If we compare this map with the bottom topography of the present day Arctic Ocean, then Hyperborea would have been located in the deepest central part of the Arctic Ocean – the so-called Arctic basin. The total area covered by Hyperborea based upon Mercator’s map is approximately 1150 km x 2250 km.

Mercator’s map…Hyperborea map

Bathymetric / topographic map of Arctic Ocean…IBCAO_betamap

Conclusion regarding an Arctic Hyperborea

Conclusion: Mercator’s Hyperborea was elsewhere than the map shows it to have been located. [T]he features of the structure and history of the formation of deep basins and submarine ridges of the central part of the Arctic Ocean show this cannot be the place of ancient Hyperborea. If this continent really existed and the presence of a continental land mass north of the Arctic Circle in the Paleocene and Eocene epochs can be considered a proven fact (see articles here and here) – then either Hyperborea was located in another place, and the Mercator map is not quite accurate, or the North Pole was in another place at the time. Both of these assumptions are equally probable.

The solution for Hyperborea (and Lemuria)…

Hyperborea and Lemuria existed on Earth in the Mesozoic and the beginning of Paleogene Period. Hyperborea was nothing else, than the well-known for geologists… supercontinent Laurasia, [which] stretched from North America through the Arctic to that place which began to be called later as Tibet, and Lemuria = Hindustan [Indian sub-continent]. During the Paleogene period – Hyperborea/Laurasia “lost” North America, Northern Europe and Asia, and the remained Arctic part decreased from the Eocene (58-55 million years) to the Neogene middle (16 million years) already in 4 times. Lemuria/Hindustan at the end of Eocene (40 million years ago) faced the suburb of Eurasia and stopped to exist as the independent continent.

Earth in the Triassic showing Laurasia (image by User:LennyWikiData)…Laurasia map

And as for Atlantis…

Atlantis… could be South America (some part of Atlantis). Another part of Atlantis could possibly be the ancient ocean Tethys, which stopped its existence at the end of Neogene – Paleogene beginning (25-20 million years ago).


Notes

The text in the above article comprises short extracts from two longer articles on Dr Koltypin’s earthbeforeflood.com website…

1. The Seventh Continent – Hyperborea [Dr A. Koltypin, translated by LA Fitzpatrick]

2. The Most Important Catastrophe in the History of the Earth During Which Mankind Appeared. When It Happened? [Dr A. Koltypin, translated by A Fennel]

Those two articles also contain links to other articles written by Dr Koltypin on Hyperborea, as well as on many other subjects.

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